SpLDs, or Specific Learning Differences, refer to a group of learning difficulties where learners struggle with particular aspects of learning. Students with SpLDs are likely to find certain, but not all areas of learning challenging.
Some common SpLDs are Specific Learning Differences (SpLDs) in areas such as Reading (Dyslexia), Written Expression, and Mathematics (Dyscalculia). Neurodevelopmental difficulties such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) also fall under the umbrella of SpLDs. Signs and symptoms that are common to individual SpLDs are summarised below:
|Specific Learning Differences in Written Expression
|Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
*List is non-exhaustive
Having an SpLD does not mean that a student will never be able to achieve their academic potential. With additional effort on the students’ part, support from parents and teachers, as well as intervention programmes (where appropriate), these students will be in a better position to perform at a level that better reflects their potential.
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No two children are alike, and this certainly holds true for students with SpLDs. Every child has their unique learning strengths and weaknesses. It is important that adults working with students with SpLDs are aware of each child’s learning profile. Parents and teachers play a vital role in encouraging students to explore and capitalise on their strengths, as well as to target support to their specific weaknesses.
While two students can be struggling with learning, their underlying learning profile may be different. As such, undergoing an assessment is key for struggling learners to determine if they have a learning difficulty, as well as to obtain their learning profile, in order for them to be better supported in their learning.
At the Dyslexia Association of Singapore, our team of experienced psychologists conduct assessments for a range of SpLDs for school-going children. Find out more!
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