4. Working and Phonological memory in dyslexia and SLI children in Indonesia: preliminary studies

Rexsy Taruna1, Auliya Syaf1

  1. University of Abdurrab, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

 

Abstract

This research aimed to identify the working and phonological memory profile and whether these differ in severity in dyslexic and SLI children who were identified with dyslexia in Indonesia. In experiment 1, the WISC subtest digit span had been administered to obtain information about phonological memory ability in every child. Both groups (SLI and DD+SLI) showed the same degree of severity in under average phonological memory, with a non-significant trend to greater deficit in SLI+ based on poorly developed specification. In experiment 2, the performance of children with SLI and dyslexia without co-morbidity was compared on tests of working memory and executive function.  Both groups showed significant impairment in both numbers forwards and reversed, but children with SLI were significantly worse on numbers reversed than the children with dyslexia, indicating a greater difficulty in planning and executive function in children with SLI.

Keywords:          Dyslexia, specific language impairment, phonological memory, executive function, WISC

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4. Working and Phonological memory in dyslexia and SLI children in Indonesia: preliminary studies
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