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|2.||Pragmatic Skills in Chinese Dyslexic Children: Evidence from a Parental Checklist|
Kwan‐Hung Lam 1 & Connie Suk‐Han Ho 1 *
1 The University of Hong Kong
Individuals with deficits in pragmatic skills, the skills of applying and interpreting language appropriately in its occurring context, may lead to reduced communication ability that affects social interactions. The present study aimed at examining whether children with dyslexia had pragmatic deficits and what their specific language profile was as compared with normally‐developing children and those with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Sixtyeight participants of Grades 3 to 6 were recruited from five mainstream schools in Hong Kong. They were divided into the Dyslexia group (N=22), the ASD group (N=22) and the Control group (N=24) matched on age, IQ, and SES. The Children Communication Checklist‐2 (CCC‐2, Bishop, 2003), a parental checklist, was used to collect information regarding the language and communication abilities of these children. Results showed that the Chinese dyslexic children had reduced pragmatic skills compared to normally‐developing children. These dyslexic children were relatively weak in structural language skills and reduced general communication scores that were comparable to children with ASD, but they were normal in social relationships and interests. These results provided new insights for
|3.||The Impact of Teaching Methods on Learning of Chinese Characters among English-Chinese Bilingual Children with Dyslexia|
Alvina Hui Shan Lee 1 and Kenneth K. Poon 1 *
|4.||The Literacy Performance of Young Adults who had Reading Difficulties in School: New Zealand Data from the International Adult Literacy and Lifestyle Survey|
James W. Chapman 1 and William E. Tunmer 1 *
Keywords: adult literacy; New Zealand literacy instruction; whole language;
|5.||The Identification of Dyslexia in Preschool Children in a Multilingual Society|
See Shuhui Jacey 1 and Koay Poay Sun 1 *
1 Dyslexia Association of Singapore
Given the importance of reading proficiency to literacy performance and beyond, dyslexia has received much attention in recent decades, fuelling vast research elucidating the factors underlying reading difficulties. Research has consistently demonstrated the importance and benefits of early intervention, hence underscoring the need for early identification of dyslexia. However, the existing research and the various early screening instruments developed were largely based on children in monolingual societies. This study examined the early identification of dyslexia in pre-school children in a multilingual society such as Singapore. The Dyslexia Early Screening Test – Second Edition (DEST-II), and the Cognitive Profiling System (CoPS) were administered to Kindergarten One and Two pre-schoolers. In addition, a rating scale on the children’s literacy development was also administered to the teachers of these pre-schoolers. Preliminary results suggest that the DEST-II and the teachers’ rating scale are effective and reliable first-line screening instruments in the identification of pre-school children “at risk” of dyslexia, albeit with some adaptations for use in the local context.
Keywords: Preschool screening, teacher rating scales
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|6.||Sustained Benefits of a Multi-skill Intervention for Pre-school Children at Risk of Literacy Difficulties|
Angela J Fawcett 1*, Ray Lee 2 and Rod Nicolson 2
2 Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield
Keywords: Pre-school screening, early intervention, learning difficulties, screening tests,
|7.||"Amazing Shortcomings, Amazing Strengths" - Beginning to Understand the Hidden Talents of Dyslexics|
Thomas G. West 1 *
Editor’s note. This concept of giftedness in dyslexia is one that has not yet been widely addressed within the Asia Pacific context. This is despite the recognition given to the mild dyslexia of former prime minister of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, a seminal force in government for over 30 years. A search for eminent dyslexics in these areas reveals only the Indian actor, Abhishek Bachchan, and the young dyslexic Malaysian pilot, Captain James Antony Tan, the youngest pilot to fly around the world, with two entries in the Guinness Book of records, who is still only 21. There are undoubtedly many more famous dyslexics who have not yet revealed their difficulties in learning, because of the potential stigma attached. This recognition of the extraordinary strengths of some dyslexics, if they are not too daunted by the difficulties they experience in school, should begin to redress the balance. Above all, identifying and supporting the problem early can reduce the potential impact on self‐esteem, allowing dyslexic people to fulfill their potential and make a full contribution to their environment.
|8.||Mathematical Difficulties in Singapore: A Case Study Approach|
Tim Bunn 1 *
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